Virtual reality exposure therapy versus cognitive behavior therapy for panic disorder with agoraphobia: a randomized comparison study.

February 14, 2012 By:
  • Pelissolo A
  • Zaoui M
  • Aguayo G
  • Yao SN
  • Roche S
  • Ecochard R
  • Gueyffier F
  • Pull C
  • Berthoz A
  • Jouvent R
  • Cottraux J.

Our objective was to compare the effects of Virtual reality exposure therapy (VrEt), cognitive behavior therapy (cBt), and a waitlist control condition in patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (PdA). ninety-two outpatients were initially randomized in three arms – 29 treated with VrEt, 31 with cBt, and 32 assigned to the waitlist. At the end of a 12-week period, the patients assigned to the waitlist were re-randomized in VrEt or cBt groups. no between-group significant differences appeared at the end of the first phase, however, a lower responder rate was observed in the waitlist group. After the second randomization, response rates were not different in the VrEt and cBt groups (38.7% and 48.5%; p=0.46, respectively). during the nine-month follow-up period, the response rates remained stable without differences between groups. thus, VrEt seems to be an effective treatment for PdA with short-term and long-term therapeutic results equivalent to those obtained with cBt.

2012 Feb. J Cyber Ther Rehabil.5(1):35-43.
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